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  • Elections | Politics

    Elections | Politics

    2022 and 2020 ELECTION RESOURCES

    Allows users to view every congressional roll call vote in American history on a map of the United States and on a liberal-conservative ideological map including information about the ideological positions of voting Senators and Representatives.

    The League of Women Voters: The Decline of Local News and Its Impact on Democracy

    IJNET: 13 Tips for Investigating Political Disinformation

    Google Trends: US Elections in Search 2020

    GIJN: Election Guide for Investigative Reporters
    Links to the introduction of a five-part guide.
    America’s most comprehensive dictionary of campaign finance jargon.

    NICAR 22: State Money in Politics Tipsheet

    Committee to Protect Journalists: U.S. Elections 2020: Journalist Safety Kit
    Some great tips and resources, ranging from physical safety to digital security identifying bots to covering rallies.

    What Congress is Tweeting

    RCFP Election Legal Guide 2020
    Available in English and Spanish, this guide built by RCFP and NPPA with help from the SPJ Foundation, provides an overview of legal issues that journalists may face while covering the primaries or general election on Nov. 3, 2020. Journalists may also report on protests and demonstrations during the election season.

    Essential Resources for the US Election: A Field Guide for Journalists on the Frontlines
    Election guide from GIJN.
    This tool enables you to evaluate Twitter accounts. For example how automated they are, how many Retweets they post, or which websites they link to most often. Helpful for evaluating accounts during the election.

    NY Times: US Electoral College Simulator

    Twitter List: Swing State Newsrooms to Follow

    First Draft News: US 2020 Dashboard

    The Journalist’s Resource: Using Research to Keep Politicians Honest
    A 50-minute training video with some outstanding tips and resources.

    Campaign Ethics: A Field Guide
    The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University has produced non-partisan, how-to book for candidates and political consultants on how to run an ethical campaign. It’s helpful for journalists who hope to better understand how ethics apply to the upcoming 2020 presidential elections.

    Pew Research Center: Media and the 2020 Election Database
    Search Pew’s database of election research.

    Journalist’s Resource: The Electoral College: How American Voters Pick Their President

    National Association of State Election Directors

    An open-source database that maps voter reports of problems at the ballot box, such as intimidation and misinformation, and is a project of DemLabs, the Center for Common Ground, the Lincoln Project, the NAACP, and other groups. Searchable by state, free, and intended as a resource for reporters (especially local) and the public, it is loaded with voter stories from around the country that were self-reported to SeeSay and the NAACP. Downloadable data includes the map of voter complaints and attachments from voters, such as videos, documents, and photos–voter phone numbers can be made available to reporters upon request.

    The Illuminating 2020 Project
    The Illuminating 2020 Project increases transparency of paid political campaign advertising by helping journalists identify what the major 2020 U.S. presidential campaigns are saying and to whom in their paid Facebook and Instagram ads to persuade the public. The project provides data for how much the campaigns are spending, who they are targeting, and what they are saying in their ads. The project classifies ads based on message type (e.g., call to action, attack), message topic (e.g., COVID, economic, foreign policy), and message tone (i.e., civil, uncivil).

    Brennan Center: Election Denial in Races for Election Administration Positions

    For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.

    Brennan Center: Information Gaps and Misinformation in the 2022 Elections

    Election SOS Expert Network

    CPJ: Safely Covering the 2020 U.S. Elections
    Legal resources, digital safety and more.

    U.S. Polling Places Dataset (2012-18)
    Built by the Center for Public Integrity.

    Election Beat 2020: The Real and False Risks of Mail-in Voting
    From Journalist’s Resource at Harvard University.

    US Presidential Debates: 3 Studies Journalists Should Know About
    From Journalist’s Resource.

    Election Coverage and Democracy Network: Recommendations for Media Covering the 2020 U.S. Presidential Election

    Washington Post: Top Political Reporters to Follow on Twitter in Every State (2020)

    Ad Observatory by NYU Tandon School of Engineering
    Explore 2020 Facebook Ad spending by political candidates.

    SPJ Ethics: How to Cover the Elections Ethically
    Webinar from former SPJ ethics chairs Lynn Walsh and Andrew Seaman.

    Open Secrets Anomoly Tracker
    Highlights “anomalies” in its money-and-politics data. An anomaly, as we define it here, is an occurrence that is out of the ordinary. It is not necessarily an indication that there is something amiss.

    GIJN: How to Regain Impact in Election Reporting

    Journalist’s Resource: Guide to 2020 Democratic Policy Proposals
    Democratic presidential candidates’ platforms and reporting what the research says about their policy proposals.

    IFTTT ProPublica: Automations for Election Coverage

    ProPublica: State-by-State CSV files with Contributions, Expenditures from ActBlue May Filings

    API: Nine Tips for Covering Election Misinformation

    American Public Media: Representing US Voting Tool
    Includes candidates appearing on the November ballot, with a special focus on women candidates. Learn about the households that will elect—and be represented by—the new House in our Representing US tools.

    Politico offers a great suite of open source data creation tools for covering the elections.
    Search for bills or legislators across all states.

    Marist Poll Academy
    A free resource for journalists (and others) that provides practical information about polling that’s critical to accurate reporting. It offers courses on understanding, explaining and interpreting poll data.


    Find more resources on campaign finance in the Toolbox’s public records page.
    Locate and download campaign contribution data.

    FEC Itemizer from Propublica
    Itemizer allows you to browse electronic campaign finance filings from the Federal Election Commission and to see individual contributions and expenditures reported by committees raising money for federal elections. As of October 2018, these filings include Senate candidate or Senate party committees, which previously filed their reports on paper.
    America’s most comprehensive dictionary of campaign finance jargon.

    State Campaign Finance Databases
    Search this interactive maps to find them.

    NYT Campaign Finance Database API
    Covers candidates and elected officials in five basic categories: biographical information, issue positions, voting records, campaign finances and interest group ratings.

    Track Dark Money Tip Sheet (NICAR 2020)

    NYU Political Ad Observatory
    Explore Facebook and Instagram political campaign ads. Ad Observatory relies on data published by Meta and other sources, and applies machine learning, topic modeling, and other tools to develop messaging insights.

    Operating for many years as the Center for Voting and Democracy, FairVote was founded in 1992 and tracks voter turnout, and research reports on election administration, among other things.

    Voter Data Tipsheet
    Resources from NICAR 2018.

    APM Research Lab: Voter Profile Tools
    The latest available data on the demographic and economic characteristics of the potential electorate—from education and poverty levels, to racial and immigrant make-up, and much more.

    American Public Media: Representing US Demographics Tool
    Features a series of data about potential voters.

    ProPublica: Primer on Voter ID Laws
    Public opinion surveys from around the world.

    League of Women Voters:
    Voting information by state: deadlines, polling finders, ballot measures and more.

    California Voter Foundation
    News, stats and studies.


    ProPublica Reporting Recipe: How to Report on Voting by Mail

    ACLU: Vote by Mail by State
    Database of rules and rights of mail-in voters.

    WSJ: How to Vote by Mail in Every State Absentee and Early Voting

    Brookings: How Does Vote by Mail Work

    Ballotpedia: All-Mail Voting Vote by Mail in Swing States

    Politico: White House Continues Crusade Against Mail-in Voting

    CBS News: Mail-In Voting Prospects

    National Conference of State Legislatures: Voting Outside the Polling Place

    Verified Voting
    County-by-county breakdown of polling equipment and registered voters. Search for the make and model of, say, the ballot marking device or electronic poll book being used in precincts of interest.

    Election Protection
    The nation’s largest nonpartisan voter protection coalition.


    RCFP Election Legal Guide for Journalists
    An overview of legal issues that journalists may face while reporting on the 2022 midterm elections. Available in English and Spanish.

    AP VoteCast
    Partnership between National Opinion Research Center and AP created this tool to help analyze why a candidate gets elected. Reports on current data in voting polls and primary votes.

    Nieman Journalism Lab: What Makes an Election Rumor Go Viral? Look at These 10 Factors

    Journalist’s Resource: Midterm Elections Tip Sheet

    NYU Political Ad Observatory
    Explore Facebook and Instagram political campaign ads. Ad Observatory relies on data published by Meta and other sources, and applies machine learning, topic modeling, and other tools to develop messaging insights.

    ProPublica Database: Fortune 500 Companies Funding Election Deniers
    Look up companies nationally and locally in this database. They have funded dozens of congressmen, Senators and candidates who are election deniers.

    Nieman Reports: How Newsrooms are Rethinking Midterm Elections Coverage

    GIJN: Resources for Covering an Election (2020)
    A nonprofit news organization committed to reporting the nuanced truth about elections and voting at a time of crisis in America.

    NY Times: Misinformation Swirls in Non-English Languages Ahead of Midterms

    Center for Media Engagement
    Newsrooms have an important role in elections: warning audiences about misinformation. With this in mind, the Center for Media Engagement is providing takeaways from a 2022 symposium for newsrooms looking to combat false and misleading election information.

    Quill: Covering the Midterm Elections (2022)

    The Atlantic: How Should the Media Cover the Midterm Elections

    The Journalist’s Resource: Covering Political Polls: A Cautionary Research Roundup

    Trusting News: Five Strategies to Help Potential Voters Cut Through the Noise

    Council on Foreign Relations: Midterm Congressional Elections by the Numbers

    Google Trends: Midterm Elections
    Data galore on what people are searching for on election-related topics.

    Poynter: What Journalists Need to Know About Election Laws

    Video: How to Investigate Elections
    A GIJN May 2022 panel discussion including ProPublica’s Craig Silverman and Rowan Philip from GIJN.

    The Journalist’s Resource: Potential Threats to the Ballot Initiative Process

    Brennan Center: Election Officials Under Attack

    Brennan Center: Tracking Races for Election Administration Positions

    Brennan Center: 2022 Election Officials Survey
    A grassroots watchdog network connecting the dots between the world’s most powerful people and organizations.Its free database is a who-knows-who at the heights of business and government. Follow a candidate’s connections to lobbyists, PACs, donors, etc.


    Journalist’s Resource: Presidential Conventions, Candidate Evaluations and Related Dynamics
    From Harvard’s Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy.

    Washington Post: 2020 DNC FAQ

    NY Magazine: DNC Schedule

    Britannica: DNC History, Speeches

    Smithsonian Magazine: 1968 DNC in Chicago
    Coverage of protests and violence. 1968 DNC

    Library of Congress: DNC (1832-2008)

    Politico: 2020 RNC Schedule, Speakers RNC History

    University of Chicago Library: RNC Collection (1884-88)

    Politifact Truth-o-Meter
    Who’s lying. Who isn’t.

    Archive: Citizen Media Law Project: Guide to Covering 2012 RNC and DNC
    Resources galore for covering the political conventions.


    Twitter Election Index

    ProPublica’s election 2020 coverage hub.

    Dataherald is a self-serve data visualization software that creates localized and ready-to-use data visualizations for a variety of storylines. Journalists can copy/paste the code to where they want the visualization to appear in the article. Dataherald comes preloaded with data that auto-updates and there is no coding or technical skills required.

    Civic: Politico Elections Data Management Tools
    A great suite of open source data creation tools for covering the elections.

    Illinois Elections Data
    Useful campaign data on Illinois elections, managed by Scott Kennedy, a former Democratic campaign worker.

    Washington Post Fact-Checker Blog

    MSNBC Politics: Candidate Brain Trusts
    Profiles of the top advisers to the presidential candidates.

    FindLaw: Election 2008
    Video, stories, documents and other materials relating to the 2008 Presidential Election.

    Code for Democracy
    The organization’s search, visualization, and alerting tools make it easy to investigate relationships between campaign contributions, political narratives, and legislative outcomes. It makes alerts available across FEC data, House and Senate lobbying disclosures, 990s, Facebook ads, and more. It’s the only platform that allows people to create alerts for when specific people show up in campaign finance disclosures, when Facebook ads on a topic are created, and when lobbyists lobbying on particular issues give political contributions, etc.

    National Association of State Election Directors

    Before and After the Vote: A Journalism Resource Database
    From Free Press, this database database features more than 100 resources that address ways to: Cover white supremacy and white-supremacist violence; report on police, protests, uprisings and demonstrations, detect and combat misinformation and disinformation; produce coverage that upholds election integrity; protect journalists’ physical safety and secure digital communications.

    Scoop: Voting Advice

    Federal Election Commission

    FEC: How the Electoral College Works

    ProPublica: Trump Town Appointees Database
    Search appointees, staff, etc. in this database and their employment histories.

    Pew Internet & American Life Project
    An initiative of the Pew Research Center, a nonprofit “fact tank” that provides information on the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. Pew Internet explores the impact of the internet on children, families, communities, the work place, schools, health care and civic/political life. Money and Politics
    Database makes connections between legislative votes and campaign donations.

    WSJ: 2008 Campaign Fundraising Totals
    Access to this does not require a subscription to the WSJ.

    For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.
    Use this database to track what companies receive federal grants and contracts. You can sort by state, district, agency, etc. Fundrace
    Use this interactive map and database to track presidential contributions by zip code, party, candidate,

    Sunlight Foundation
    Political watchdog group that tracks lobbyists and fundraising.
    Tracks news mentions, blog mentions and tracks other information on the presidential candidates.

    PBS/YouTube: Video Your Vote
    Site invites you to share your voting experience with a video post. Some of the best videos will be featured on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer on Election Day.

    Embed widgets on your site to localize coverage.

    WebMD: Compare Presidential Candidates’ Health Stances

    PBS Frontline: The Choice 2008
    An in-depth look at the presidential candidates. Truth-o-Meter
    A project of the St. Petersburg Times and Congressional Quarterly, created the site to help voters separate fact from falsehood in the 2008 presidential campaign. Journalists and researchers from the Times and CQ will fact-check the accuracy of speeches, TV ads, interviews and other campaign communications.

    Zogby International
    Polling information on elections and other issues. Has a good newsroom section.

    FiveThirtyEight Pollster Blog
    Named for the number of votes in the Electoral College, this blog is written by pollster Nate Silver, managing partner or Baseball Prospectus who created a system for making baseball player performance predictions.

    For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.
    Computer science professor tracks state polls and provides a graphic summary of the electoral vote outlook.

    All About Redistricting
    A comprehensive guide to the process of drawing electoral lines, allowing users to drill down state-by-state. Created by Justin Levitt teaches Law of the Political Process and Constitutional Law at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles.

    Political Irony: Humor and Hypocrisy from the World of Politics
    A blog with political cartoons, videos, commentary, etc.

    The Cato Institute
    A non-profit public policy research foundation headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institute is named for Cato’s Letters, a series of libertarian pamphlets that helped lay the philosophical foundation for the American Revolution.

    Common Cause
    Election watchdog organization.

    Black Box Voting
    Voting watchdog group.
    A fantastic site for researching campaign financing statistics.

    Federal Election Commission Home Page
    Loaded with contribution statistics.
    Links to various races around the country. Data Page

    The Progressive
    Liberal political site.

    Democratic National Committee

    Federal Election Commission (FEC)

    Twitter Vote Report
    Track wait times and other voting news live.

    PBS NewsHour

    National Public Radio
    Several great resources for political coverage.

    Congressional Quarterly’s Campaigns & Elections Magazine

    The Hill
    Magazine covers Capitol Hill.

    Roll Call
    Another publication covering Congress.

    PBS Frontline: Government and Elections
    A collection of companion Web sites on various political topics.

    Dirty Money
    The Environmental Working Group’s site shows which elected representatives get the biggest contributions from the filthiest polluters. A dynamite database.
    A clearinghouse of election polls. Updated whenever they come out.

    Voting in America: 1840-2008
    Interactive maps, commentary and analysis on voting patterns.

    C-SPAN Politics: Campaign 2008

    Campaign Ethics
    Downloadable book from the Markkula Center at Santa Clara University.

    Journalist’s Resource: Primer on Capitol Hill Lobbying

    Beliefnet: The 12 Tribes of American Politics
    Survey breaks down 12 religious voting blocs.

    AAAS: Science & Technology in the 2008 Election
    From the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

    Counter Punch Political Newsletter
    Great commentary and super links section to political, economic and media sites.

    Center for Public Integrity
    A D.C. watchdog group that explores many issues and special interests.

    National Review Online
    Annenberg’s political fact-checking resource.

    CNN’s Morning Grind

    C-SPAN Politics: Campaign 2008

    Record Verification for Political Candidates
    Check a candidates military record, etc.

    National Personnel Records Center
    A central repository of personnel-related records, both military and civil service. The site’s mission is to “provide world-class service to government agencies, military veterans, former civilian Federal employees, family members, as well as researchers and historians.”’s On Politics
    A deep site that includes a searchable database of all political races, sorted by state and federal levels.

    CNN’s AllPolitics site
    Another great site for following the elections.
    A non-profit site who’s aim is to stimulate debate on global issues. It is non-partisan and presents a range of views on any subject. For journalists, it is an invaluable source of quality background information on international relations, European and Islamic cultures, world opinion and much more. The media section currently features a multi-article debate on journalism and war, and a world media monitor of news coverage on SARS and the war on Iraq.

    MSNBC Politics Page

    Where to get coverage on Election Day.

    Focusing primarily on U.S. politics and current affairs, this site auto-generates a news summary every five minutes, drawing on experts and pundits, insiders and outsiders, media professionals and amateur bloggers.

    The Poynter Institute built this site to cover the California recall but continued it for the presidential campaign. Features various blogs, coverage, advertising, etc.

    League of Conservation Voters
    Scorecard on environmental issues. Political Satire

    Past Inaugural Addresses

    Presidential Libraries

    Library of Congress: American Memory

    TRAC Government Site
    A super site developed by Syracuse University to guide you to and through several government sites, including the IRS, FBI, DEA and ATF.

    A free politics and social issues newsletter.

    The National Journal
    A weekly on politics and government published in Washington, put out a Guide to the Web in its Dec. 8, 2001 issue that probably would be helpful because it includes lots of government sites.
    Site’s no longer live but is archived.

    Media Research Center
    A dynamite site that has some commentary on media coverage of the political scene.
    Easy-to-use site to check where candidates stand on issues.
    Dozens of resources for tracking politics.
    Non-partisan site offers “unbiased news and analysis.” It includes some great research and analysis on policy issues such as education, technology, environment and healthcare.

    Tax Policy Center

    SelectSurf Politics Links
    Links to several great politics sites.

    The Political Graveyard
    This page tells us where dead politicians are buried. Search by name, state, cemetery name, etc.

    This site breaks down political spin.

    Beyond Red and Blue: 2011 Pew Research Political Typology

    Influence Explorer
    From the Sunlight Foundation,, and the Project on Government Oversight, this site tracks voting trends of politicians. Great first-stop for tracking conflicts of interest or investigating a politician.

    Institute for Public Accuracy
    As a nationwide group of policy researchers. Great source for public policy issues!

    History and Politics Out Loud
    A database of famous political speeches, including John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Winston Churchill and Richard Nixon. Search by speech title, speaker’s name or date. Note: Your browser may need plug-ins to hear the audio.

    Capitol Hill Blue
    Political news with a twist.

    Andrew Sullivan
    A good politics site with an edge — usually enjoyed by liberals, conservatives and moderates alike.

    Mickey Kaus’
    Links, story ideas and spin from an author and public policy guru.
    A religion site that includes a list of religions of past presidents.

    Political Site of the Day

    American Rhetoric: Top Political Speeches of All-Time
    Download video from the “speech bank.”

    Talking Points Memo
    Political commentary from Josh Marshall, a Washington, D.C.-based writer and former Washington Editor of the American Prospect. His articles on politics and culture have appeared in The American Prospect, The Columbia Journalism, Review, Feed, The New Republic, The New York Post, The New York Times, Newsday, Salon and Slate, among others.

    A right-wing political site edited by David Horowitz.
    A political journal with links to professional and personal posts.
    A good political site from the syndicated political columnist.

    Taxpayers for Common Sense
    Watchdog group on wasteful government spending. Site includes a media page and is organized by categories such as government contracts, energy, transportation, national security, etc.

    Columbia Journalism Review Campaign Desk


    MediaShift: Beyond Delegates and Polls: Using Data to Tell Election Stories

    Journalists Resource: Political Reporting Syllabus

    CPJ: Steps to Stay Safe During RNC and DNC

    NPPA: Resources for Covering Political Conventions


    PBS: The 30-Second Candidate
    A look inside political advertising. Historical timeline, transcript of show. Create your own ad.

    Google Trends Data Store
    Download .csv files on Google search trends, including many relating to the election.

    ELECTION 2014 RESOURCES Browser Extension
    A free browser extension for Chrome, Firefox, and Safari that exposes the role money plays in Congress. Displays on any web page detailed campaign contribution data for every Senator and Representative, including total amount received and breakdown by industry and by size of donation. Puts vital data where it’s most relevant so you can discover the real impact of money on our political system. Oh, and it was built by a 16-year-old coder.


    ProPublica PAC Track
    Follow contributors and spending with political action committees.

    Chicago Tribune Election Center
    Tracks state, local and national elections.

    YouTube Politics Page

    U.S. Election Atlas
    A pay site that’s full of past election statistics, including county-by-county presidential election results going back to the 1960s.


    AP Stylebook: U.S. Elections Style Guide
    AP breaks out election styles in an easy-to-use cheat sheet.

    Washington Post Politics Coverage
    In-depth coverage from the campaign trail., including blogs and other commentary.

    The Caucus: NY Times Political Blog

    The Trail: Washington Post Political Blog

    LA Times: Top of the Ticket Blog

    CNN Cafferty File Blog
    Political analyst Jack Cafferty’s blog is often updated several times a day.
    Covers politics in three areas: Congress and the constant flow of agendas, personalities and power struggles that define daily life on Capitol Hill; the 2008 presidential campaign; lobbying and advocacy.


    Daily Dish
    Andrew Sullivan’s political blog.

    WikiPedia: Inauguration Day
    Scroll to the bottom of the page for a chronological chart of details from past ceremonies.

    TeacherVision: History of Presidential Inaugurations

    CNN: Interactive Inauguration Event Map

    National Archives: Office of Strategic Services Personnel Files

    History Matters: FDR’s 1933 Inauguration Speech
    Famous speech by Franklin Delano Roosevelt given in Washington, D.C., March 4th, 1933. “We have nothing to fear … but fear itself.”

    MSNBC: Estimating Large Crowds
    Steve Doig of Arizona State University uses a process to estimate large crowds. He uses Obama’s Presidential Inauguration as an example.


    New York Times: Most-Used Words in Presidential Inaugural Addresses
    From 1789 to the present.

    Bartleby: Inauguration Speeches of Past Presidents
    Searchable database of speeches.

    Library of Congress: Presidential Inaugurations
    “I Do Solemnly Swear . . .”: Presidential Inaugurations is a collection of approximately 400 items or 2,000 digital files relating to inaugurations from George Washington’s in 1789 to George W. Bush’s inauguration of 2001. This presentation includes diaries and letters of presidents and of those who witnessed inaugurations, handwritten drafts of inaugural addresses, broadsides, inaugural tickets and programs, prints, photographs, and sheet music.

    Library of Congress: Inauguration Dates
    Great for quick reference.

    infoPlease: Inauguraton File
    A treasure trove of facts and background, including media coverage, famous addresses, inaugural trivia, and life after the presidency.

    WikiPedia: Inauguration Day
    Includes history and traditions with the ceremony.


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