Fact Checking

Fact Checking


IJNET: Environmental Reporters Face Disinformation Threats in China’s Restrictive Political Climate

The Media Manipulation Casebook

Nieman Journalism Lab: What Makes an Election Rumor Go Viral? Look at These 10 Factors


Journalist’s Toolbox Coronavirus and COVID-19 Fact-Checking Resources

Google Fact Check Explorer
Look up and see a timeline of current fact-checks on news stories.

Google News Initiative Verification Tools Course
This course shows you time-saving methods to verify the authenticity and accuracy of images, videos and reports that you find in social media and elsewhere online. Tools used: Google Search, Google Maps, Google Earth, Google Translate.

First Draft News
Dozens of fact-checking tools and resources.

First Draft News: Verification Toolbox

FirstDraftNews.org: Essential Guide to Responsible Reporting in an Age of Information Disorder

First Draft News: Verification Training Course
A free one-hour online course to help detect misinformation.

Craig Silverman’s Verification and Digital Investigations Resources
Essential plugins and tools for general OSINT/online research work.

Dozens of resources from the Annenberg Public Policy Center.

First Draft News: Covering Coronavirus – Privacy and Security Tips for Journalists

First Draft News: Verifying Online Information — The Absolute Essentials

Bellingcat: Beginner’s Guide to Social Media Verification

Knight Science Journalism at MIT Fact-Checking Project

Lots of information, tutorials, webcast on finding and verifying information.

We Verify Browser Plug-in
Fact-checking plug-in for Google Chrome

The MuckRock/MisinfoCon Police Misinformation Tipsheet

GIJN Guide to Fact-Checking Investigative Stories

GIJN: Simple Tips for Verifying if a Tweet Screenshot Is Real or Fake

Global scam database. Search for reported identities related to online scammers by crypto address, username, email, or phone number.

Six Tools to Help With Geolocation

First Draft: Fake News. It’s Complicated

Politifact: How to Avoid Falling for Fake News

PEN America: Combatting Protest Disinformation

ONA: COVID-19 Misinformation Playbook

GIJN: Deepfake Satellite Imagery
How it’s done and what to watch for.

ClaimReview Project
The review usually takes less than 30 seconds. Fact-checkers enter a few basic details about an article such as the URL, the person and claim being checked, and the conclusion.

Track Twitter timeline activity and find out when an account is most active. Track RTs, hashtags used and tweet times.

Twitter account info, including devices and operating systems used. Lack locations, hashtags, mentions and likes.

Twitter: 5 Tips for Spotting Misinformation on Twitter

GIJN: A Global Guide to Initiatives Tackling Fake News

Free Chrome extension that alerts you when a web page changes.

Monitor website pages for text and graphic changes. Email alerts when a page changes.

Website owner details. Retrieve names, ABNs, emails.

YouTube Metadata
Grabs singular details about a video and its uploader, playlist and creator/channel. Submit a link to a video, playlist or channel. Has reverse image/video search built-in.

GIJN: Fact-Checking & Verification Guide

Nieman Journalism Lab: What Makes an Election Rumor Go Viral? Look at These 10 Factors

These videos were created by the SPJ Education Committee. Here’s a playlist of all of its training videos.

IJNET: Environmental Reporters Face Disinformation Threats in China’s Restrictive Political Climate

The Media Manipulation Casebook

GIJN: Comprehensive Fact-Checking Guide

Geolocation Estimation
Helps locate geotagged images on a map.

Verification Handbook for Investigative Reporting

Get Your Facts Straight: The Basics of Fact-Checking
A fact-checking toolkit from Deepak Adhikari, the editor of South Asia Check.

MIT: Detect Deep-Fakes
Works much like Spot the Troll does with spotting fake Twitter accounts, this tool gives you examples of deep-fake photos and videos and breaks down how you tell which one is fake.

GIJN: Video Resources for Mapping, Satellites, Storytelling, Testing, Tracking, and Disinformation

Verification Handbook, Vol. II
From Craig Silverman, this guide gives you tools to verify digital content for emergency coverage.

Media Manipulation CasebookFrom Harvard’s Shorenstein Center, this digital research platform linking together theory, methods, and practice for mapping media manipulation and disinformation campaigns. This resource is intended for researchers, journalists, technologists, policymakers, educators, and civil society organizers who want to learn about detecting, documenting, describing, and debunking misinformation.

Verification Handbook, Vol. I
From Craig Silverman, this guide gives you tools to verify digital content for emergency coverage.

Free online EXIF viewer and remover. It’s useful to journalists for fact-checking, image location search, photojournalism. There are few other similar websites available, but some of them lack a secure HTTPS connection or the ability to remove EXIF data, not just view it.

Lets users analyze the position of shadows and the sun at any given time and date, at any given location.

Facial recognition reverse image search.

BBC Africa Eye: Digital Forensics Dashboard
A collation of some essential tools tailored to journalists using open source intelligence (OSINT) to carry out investigations.

GIJN: How to Use SunCalc to Geolocate Photos and Videos

FactCheck.org’s SciCheck feature focuses exclusively on false and misleading scientific claims that are made by partisans to influence public policy. It was launched in January 2015 with a grant from the Stanton Foundation. The foundation was founded by the late Frank Stanton, president of CBS for 25 years, from 1946 to 1971.

SIFT (The Four Moves)
Washington State professor Mike Caufield lays out an approach to fact-checking the news.

The Journalist’s Resource: Covering Public Officials Who Spread Misinformation

Video: How to OSINT?
A YouTube channel with tutorials on how to use OSINT for fact checking and verification of viral videos or pictures.

First Draft News: A Guide to Prebunking: A Promising Way to Inoculate Against Misinformation

Stanford FSI | Cyber – How to Responsibly Report on Hacks and Disinformation

Media Manipulation Casebook

The Media Manipulation Casebook
A research platform that advances knowledge of misinformation and disinformation and their threats to democracy, public health and security.

Read, write and edit meta information in photos.

Video: Journalism and the Pandemic: The Disinfodemic
ICFJ webinar on disinformation during the pandemic.

Reuters News Training Course: Manipulated Media

Twitter List: Disinformation Essentials

Trusting News E-Newsletter

Indiana University Misinformation Tools
Created by the school’s Observatory on Social Media.

Videos: Online Investigative Tips for Journalists
This playlist provides quick tutorials in online tools from AFP journalists. Go back in time using maps, learn how to use your phone to read foreign languages, search the web using a photo and more. Videos featuring specific investigations take you inside AFP’s bureaus around the world where journalists put some of these tools to use every day.

GIJN Tipsheet: How to Monitor Social Media for Misinformation

Visualizing the relationship between COVID-19 vaccine adoption and online (mis)information. From Indiana University’s Observatory on Social Media.

Who Posted What?
A free, non-public Facebook keyword search for people who work in the public interest. It allows you to search keywords on specific dates.

Verification and Digital Verification Resources

Learn everything about a domain name, IP address or a provider.

Who Posted What
Non-public Facebook keyword search.

News Media Alliance: Journalists’ Tips for Avoiding Fake News

Nitter: Anonymous Twitter Search

PIMEyes Facial Recognition Search Tool

Yandex Image Search

Google Advanced Search Operators

First Draft News: Election 2020 Dashboard
Daily snapshots of what its investigative team finds online.

Stanford Internet Observatory
Works to fight misinformation and disinformation.

GIJN: New Technology and Online Resources to Conduct Investigations With Old Photos

Kevin Nguyen’s OSINT Links for Ukraine and Australia

The Cabinet Office of the Government of the United Kingdom reminds us that things online are not always what they seem. They supply this checklist to use before you share.

Washington Post: Ukraine Visual Forensics – How Do Journalists Know Photos and Videos Are Real?

The Atlantic: What is the Russian Internet Research Agency?
Read about the origins of Russia’s Internet Research Agency, which spreads disinformation, creates troll accounts, etc.

Just enter a Twitter ID to run a simple analysis. Analyze friends, tweet trends, follows and followers.

This tool enables you to evaluate Twitter accounts. For example how automated they are, how many Retweets they post, or which websites they link to most often.

AFP Course: Digital Investigation Techniques

The Citizen Browser Project
The Markup, a nonprofit focused on data-driven investigations of technology and how it influences society, designed this tool to audit the algorithms that social media platforms use to distribute news and narratives to different communities.

A platform-independent Perl library plus a command-line application for reading, writing and editing meta information in a variety of files, including photos. It’s great for extracting information about a photo from its meta data and is useful for fact-checking.

10 Digital Forensic Tips from Bellingcat

Politifact Guide to Fake News Sites

Snopes: Field Guide to Fake News Sites

Fact-checking collaboration between Norwegian news organizations.

French fact-check org that’s part of First Draft News.

Verify and refute disinformation and propaganda about events in Ukraine being circulated in the media.

Finding the Truth Among Fakes
Fact-checking guide from Al Jazeera.

Harvard’s Journalist’s Resource: Fake News and Fact-Checking – Seven Studies You Should Know About

Fake News, Misleading News, Biased News: Fact-Checking Sites and Plug-Ins
From HCC Libraries

Reveal: Image Verification Assistant
Upload images to verify them. Tool is built by a joint team of engineers and investigators from CERTH-ITI and Deutsche Welle, trying to build a comprehensive tool for media verification on the Web. The Media Verification Assistant features a multitude of image tampering detection algorithms plus metadata analysis, GPS Geolocation, EXIF Thumbnail extraction and integration with reverse image search via Google.

Reveal Image Verification Assistant
Uses a variety of techniques to verify a photo and show if it’s been doctored. Upload or link to a photo. Does a good job of explaining the science of digital image forensics.

Snopes2.com Urban Legends Reference Pages
Think a story or tip might be made up? Use this page to search for some urban legends.

Internet Troll and Disinformation Quiz

International Fact-Checking Network: Online Training Course

First Draft News: How to Analzye Facebook Data for Misinformation Trends

Good for fact-checking misinformation and disinformation campaigns across multiple platforms. Given a set of URLs, this package detects coordinated link sharing behavior (CLSB) and outputs the network of entities that performed such behavior.

Center for Media Engagement: Gaining Trust in TV News
The Center for Media Engagement examined how TV news stations can increase trust by including certain elements in a story.

A mind-mapping tool, free within certain limits, that is particularly efficient in documenting journalistic research. The sources, references and resources can be linked in an easy to build graph and this valuable information, unlike footnotes will become alive as the readers can click through, access the resources directly and like, comment, share and even suggest extensions to the maintainer.

FreePress.net: Building Community Trust in Newsrooms
A great guide on how to be inclusive when practicing journalism. Great tips.

Tow Center: A Guide to Open Source Intelligence and Hostile Communities

Newsroom Transparency Tracker
A tool that equips you to assess the transparency of leading national and regional media outlets by surfacing the policies, practices, and people behind the news. The Tracker encourages media outlets to be accountable to the public and empowers the public to make informed choices about the news they watch, listen to, and read.

First Draft News: Newsgathering and Monitoring on the Social Web

Teaching Students to Earn Trust
Resources from Joy Mayer with TrustingNews.org.

Stalk Scan
Scan Facebook profiles to see where people are posting.

WCSJ: Fact-Checking in the Age of Misinformation (2017)

Sourceful: Crap Detection Resources
Listing of fact-checking tools.

Veracity App
Reverse verification app.

For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.

TedEd: How to Spot a Misleading Graphic

Washington Post: Ukraine Visual Forensics – How Do Journalists Know Photos and Videos Are Real?

Who Is Behind This Website?
An excellent set of tips and tools to track the source of a website.

Keyhole Social Media Account Analytics
Use account tracking data to measure and grow your social media accounts and spy on competitors. Social Media Account Analytics for Instagram, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.

Brookings: What are Readers Likely to Believe in a Fact-Check

Nieman Lab: Hyperpartisan Sites Posing as Local News Sites
Use this map to see if some are located near you.

Reverse image/facial recognition.

ICFJ: Nine Tools for Verifying Images

A complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video.

GIJN: Three Quick Ways to Verify Images on a Smartphone

Before and After the Vote: A Journalism Resource Database
From Free Press, this database database features more than 100 resources that address ways to: Cover white supremacy and white-supremacist violence; report on police, protests, uprisings and demonstrations, detect and combat misinformation and disinformation; produce coverage that upholds election integrity; protect journalists’ physical safety and secure digital communications.

AfricaCheck: How to Spot Fakes and Hoaxes Online

NY Times: Satellite Images and Shadow Analysis: How The Times Verifies Eyewitness Videos

Pictures taken by digital cameras can contain a lot of information, like data, time and camera used. But last generation cameras and phones can add the GPS coordinates of the place where it was taken, making it a privacy hazard. You can be showing your home’s location to the world. Using this tool you can view and remove exif data online of your pictures without downloading any program.

Tips on Investigating Disinformation Networks from BuzzFeed’s Craig Silverman
From his session at the Global Investigative Journalism Conference.

Freedom Forum: Quick Guide to Spotting Fake News

Type in an address or location with a time frame and find videos uploaded from that area. Great for fact-checking locations and crowdsourcing.

Washington Post: Fact-Checkers Guide to Manipulated Video

Can be used to play YouTube and Vimeo videos frame by frame, to see any inconsistencies in content.

Trusting News: How to Build Trust with your TV Audience

First Draft News: Guides to Verify Photos and Videos

GIJN: How to Spot Deep Fake Videos

ICFJ: A Short Guide to the History of “Fake News” and Disinformation

Global Investigative Journalism Network: Fact-Checking and Verification

Bellingcats Digital Forensics Tools
Open source verification and investigative tools.

Updated in spring 2019, the site includes a searchable database shares the best examples of what has worked for media outlets to earn trust from readers. It’s organized around the problems we know you’re facing and allows you to filter around these themes and drill down to get even more specific help.

Journalism.co.uk: Prepare Yourself for the Next Viral Hoax
Check out this advice to make sure you are prepared for the next viral hoax.

First Draft News: Understanding Information Disorder

How to Monitor Social Media for Misinformation

Global Investigative Journalism Network: Advanced Guide to Verifying Video Content

Amnesty International: YouTube DataViewer
Get a video’s thumbnails and do a reverse image search on them in one click.

American Press Institute Fact-Checking Resources

Visualize the spread of claims and fact checking.

A reverse lookup of WhoIs.net. You can locate a site by registrant.

Washington Post: Fact-Checker’s Guide

API: Nine Tips for Covering Election Misinformation

For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.

Washington Post: Fact-Checker Tool

Media Cloud
Create an instant analysis of how digital news media covers your topic of interest. You can see attention to the issue, the language used, and the people and places mentioned. Great for fact-checking claims about what the media is/is not covering. Doesn’t cover social media post but mentions in website posts.

Fact-checking algorithm from Duke University that monitors CNN transcripts for claims that are fact-checkable. Read this paper on how it works.

Via CJR: Developed at Journalism++ in Sweden, this system monitors open government data and identifies statistically interesting leads based on anomalies, outliers, and trends in numerical data streams such as real estate prices, weather patterns, and crime reports, among others.

10 Best Fact-Checking Tools

USC: FlackCheck.org

InVid Video Verification Plug-in
Browser plug-in that assists in debunking fake videos.

Duke Reporter’s Lab: Fact-Checking Sites/Efforts

The Trust Project: Transparency Tools for Journalists

Tools for Trust
Lists of tools for building trust with your audience from WeAreHearken’s Jennifer Brandel, Mark Little, Aron Pilhofer and more.

These videos were created by the SPJ Education Committee. Here’s a playlist of all of its training videos.

Chrome and Firefox plug-in that verifies photos and video.

Classroom resources for news literacy and fact-checking from The News Literacy Project.

National Association for Media Literacy Education
Resources galore. Follow on Twitter at @medialiteracyed.

First Draft News Journalist Guides
Guides to social sources, copyright law and covering trauma.

Verification Junkie
This tool from Josh Stearns centralizes several social media verification tools in one place. Great for reporting and fact-checking on deadline.

FirstDraftNews: The 5 sources of fake news everyone needs to look out for online

Indiana University: Tips and Resources for Fact-Checking and Detecting Fake News

Track where and how fake news is spreading over social channels. Built by Indiana University.

A Field Guide to Fake News
Produced by First Draft News and the Public Data Lab.

CUNY: Fact-Checking, Verification and Fake News Guide

Duke Reporter’s Lab Fact-Checking Tools

The Trust Project: Transparency Tools for Journalists

Classroom resources for news literacy and fact-checking from The News Literacy Project.

Custom Writing: Fact-Checking Your Writing
A nice list of basic tips and tools.

National Association for Media Literacy Education
Resources galore. Follow on Twitter at @medialiteracyed.

First Draft News Journalist Guides
Guides to social sources, copyright law and covering trauma.

Created by Meedan, this tool helps you verify breaking news.

Public List of Fake News Sites

GIJN: Advanced Guide on Verifying Video Content

Sensity.ai Facial Recognition
Use AI to fact-check/search photos.

This Person Does Not Exist
Hit refresh repeatedly to find photos of people that have been doctored.

Foto Forensics
Put in an image URL or drag a photo into this free tool to see how much editing has been done to it. Great for fact-checking fake photos.

Similar to Foto Forensics, it breaks down meta-data and other parts of photos for fact-checking.

Image forensics tool. Use to fact-check images by confirming locations.

Travel Time Map
Estimates travel time by driving, walking, public transport, etc. Good for confirming timelines in investigative or crime stories.

Rapid Tables
Load in a photo and measure pixels to confirm sizes. Great for IDing weapons or verifying shadow lengths. Credit to Tom Jarvis for sharing this.

Jeffrey’s Exif Viewers
Review a photo’s metadata. Helps with verification.

Google Images: Reverse Image Search
Fact-check photos and see when they were first posted.

Video: How to Use Google Reverse Image Search

Similar to Google Image search. Fact-check photos.

Social backgrounding tool helpful for fact-checking. Gives you rich insights into any public twitter profile. Data about topics, mentions, hashtags, followers, location and more.

Find info on the person behind the email address, social username or phone number. Great for verifying account legitimacy.

Free people search tool.

Search people by name, phone, address and social media account.

Type in a domain name, IP address or person’s name to find site information or who owns/registered what online.

Graph.tips for Facebook
Track down a Facebook ID and search for information/posts by that person in FB.

IntelTechniques Search Tools
Works similar to Graph.tips. Searches Facebook and other social media for peoples’ accounts.

Trusting News: Data on Trust in Media (2022)
Slideshow from Joy Mayer with data and studies on how trust has wanted in news media and how it can be fixed.

Use for fact-checking locations of photos and videos shared on social media.

Spatial Journalism: Using Geo Tools for Fact-Checking
Resources and tips from Amy Schmitz Weiss.

First Draft News Fact-Checking Resources

5 Tools for Verifying YouTube Video

Indiana University: Tips and Resources for Fact-Checking and Detecting Fake News

FirstDraftNews: Understanding the Fake News Ecosystem

Track where and how fake news is spreading over social channels. Built by Indiana University.

Public List of Fake News Sites

Truth or Fiction?
This site takes “rumor mill” e-mails we all receive and determines if they are true or false. There is a good list of Attack on America information.

How Can Newsrooms Verify Video from Eyewitnesses?
Great set of resources from First Draft News.

Duke Reporter’s Lab Fact-Checking Tools

Duke Reporters Lab: Fact-Checking Efforts Around the World (map)

Purportal: Urban Legends Portal
Great search functions and fact-checking resources. This site can quickly assist you in sorting the myths from the half-truths and the actual facts. The site consists of database search engines to check keywords from e-mails you have received, the latest headlines on hoaxes, special reports on 9-11 misinformation, and links to official and commercial sites on fraud, hoaxes and scams

The Red Tape Chronicles
Blogger Bob Sullivan looks at Internet scams and consumer fraud. Very easy to navigate and find what you’re looking for.

Purportal’s 9/11 Hoaxes
Bad quotes, media mistakes, scams and more.

A cool resource for offbeat stats and facts.

First Draft News
Guide to navigating eyewitness media, from discovery to verification.

Verification Junkie
This tool from Josh Stearns centralizes several social media verification tools in one place. Great for reporting and fact-checking on deadline.

The Ultimate Guide: How to Spot Phone Scams

A handy quick-reference, fact-checking site for copy editors. Find out if a celebrity is dead or alive.

It’s mission is to “investigate, inform and improve the credibility of information published on the World Wide Web.”


SmokingGun.com: Accidental Obits
A listing of mistaken obits on public figures.

Pantheon: Encyclopedia of Myths

Who’s Dead and Who’s Alive
A celebrity you may have thought was dead isn’t. See Abe Vigoda.

Separate truths from tall tales.

How to check to make sure someone claiming to be a Navy Seal really is one.

Top 100 April Fool’s Day Hoaxes of All Time

Argus Clearinghouse: Web Site Evaluations
This University of Michigan site rates Web sites on a scale of 1-5. Helps evaluate a site?s credibility. Note: The site is no longer actively maintained, but its archives are still useful.

HotBot: 10 Most Requested List
Ranks sites based on how often they?re visited.

Mistakes in movies, books, quotes, TV shows, etc.

Federal Trade Commission: Job Scams

MSN: 10 Biggest Internet Hoaxes of All Time
List from PC World.

Web site that links to the MySpace pages of the dead.


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