Fact Checking

Fact Checking

RECENT UPDATES

Before and After the Vote: A Journalism Resource Database
From Free Press, this database database features more than 100 resources that address ways to: Cover white supremacy and white-supremacist violence; report on police, protests, uprisings and demonstrations, detect and combat misinformation and disinformation; produce coverage that upholds election integrity; protect journalists’ physical safety and secure digital communications.

The Media Manipulation Casebook
A research platform that advances knowledge of misinformation and disinformation and their threats to democracy, public health and security.

The MuckRock/MisinfoCon Police Misinformation Tipsheet

Media Manipulation CasebookFrom Harvard’s Shorenstein Center, this digital research platform linking together theory, methods, and practice for mapping media manipulation and disinformation campaigns. This resource is intended for researchers, journalists, technologists, policymakers, educators, and civil society organizers who want to learn about detecting, documenting, describing, and debunking misinformation.

The Citizen Browser Project
The Markup, a nonprofit focused on data-driven investigations of technology and how it influences society, designed this tool to audit the algorithms that social media platforms use to distribute news and narratives to different communities.

FACT-CHECKING RESOURCES

Journalist’s Toolbox Coronavirus and COVID-19 Fact-Checking Resources

Google Fact Check Explorer
Look up and see a timeline of current fact-checks on news stories.

Google News Initiative Verification Tools Course
This course shows you time-saving methods to verify the authenticity and accuracy of images, videos and reports that you find in social media and elsewhere online. Tools used: Google Search, Google Maps, Google Earth, Google Translate.

First Draft News
Dozens of fact-checking tools and resources.

First Draft News: Basic Toolkit for Coronavirus Fact-Checking

First Draft News: Verification Toolbox

FirstDraftNews.org: Essential Guide to Responsible Reporting in an Age of Information Disorder

First Draft News: Verification Training Course
A free one-hour online course to help detect misinformation.

FactCheck.org
Dozens of resources from the Annenberg Public Policy Center.

First Draft News: Covering Coronavirus – Privacy and Security Tips for Journalists

First Draft News: Verifying Online Information — The Absolute Essentials

OSINTCurious
Lots of information, tutorials, webcast on finding and verifying information.

The MuckRock/MisinfoCon Police Misinformation Tipsheet

First Draft: Fake News. It’s Complicated

Politifact: How to Avoid Falling for Fake News

Verification Handbook, Vol. II
From Craig Silverman, this guide gives you tools to verify digital content for emergency coverage.

Media Manipulation CasebookFrom Harvard’s Shorenstein Center, this digital research platform linking together theory, methods, and practice for mapping media manipulation and disinformation campaigns. This resource is intended for researchers, journalists, technologists, policymakers, educators, and civil society organizers who want to learn about detecting, documenting, describing, and debunking misinformation.

Verification Handbook, Vol. I
From Craig Silverman, this guide gives you tools to verify digital content for emergency coverage.


These videos were created by the SPJ Education Committee. Here’s a playlist of all of its training videos.


The Media Manipulation Casebook
A research platform that advances knowledge of misinformation and disinformation and their threats to democracy, public health and security.

Video: Journalism and the Pandemic: The Disinfodemic
ICFJ webinar on disinformation during the pandemic.

Reuters News Training Course: Manipulated Media

Twitter List: Disinformation Essentials

Trusting News E-Newsletter

Trump Twitter Archive

Who Posted What?
A free, non-public Facebook keyword search for people who work in the public interest. It allows you to search keywords on specific dates.

Verification and Digital Verification Resources

DNSlytics
Learn everything about a domain name, IP address or a provider.

Domain Big Data
Domain and online investigative tool.

First Draft News: Election 2020 Dashboard
Daily snapshots of what its investigative team finds online.

AccountAnalysis.app
This tool enables you to evaluate Twitter accounts. For example how automated they are, how many Retweets they post, or which websites they link to most often.

The Citizen Browser Project
The Markup, a nonprofit focused on data-driven investigations of technology and how it influences society, designed this tool to audit the algorithms that social media platforms use to distribute news and narratives to different communities.

Harvard’s Journalist’s Resource: Fake News and Fact-Checking – Seven Studies You Should Know About

Reveal: Image Verification Assistant
Upload images to verify them. Tool is built by a joint team of engineers and investigators from CERTH-ITI and Deutsche Welle, trying to build a comprehensive tool for media verification on the Web. The Media Verification Assistant features a multitude of image tampering detection algorithms plus metadata analysis, GPS Geolocation, EXIF Thumbnail extraction and integration with reverse image search via Google.

Reveal Image Verification Assistant
Uses a variety of techniques to verify a photo and show if it’s been doctored. Upload or link to a photo. Does a good job of explaining the science of digital image forensics.

Snopes2.com Urban Legends Reference Pages
Think a story or tip might be made up? Use this page to search for some urban legends.

Internet Troll and Disinformation Quiz

International Fact-Checking Network: Online Training Course

First Draft News: How to Analzye Facebook Data for Misinformation Trends

Coornet
Good for fact-checking misinformation and disinformation campaigns across multiple platforms. Given a set of URLs, this package detects coordinated link sharing behavior (CLSB) and outputs the network of entities that performed such behavior.

Our.news
A browser extension for fact-checking and flagging misinformation.

Center for Media Engagement: Gaining Trust in TV News
The Center for Media Engagement examined how TV news stations can increase trust by including certain elements in a story.

FreePress.net: Building Community Trust in Newsrooms
A great guide on how to be inclusive when practicing journalism. Great tips.

Tow Center: A Guide to Open Source Intelligence and Hostile Communities

Newsroom Transparency Tracker
A tool that equips you to assess the transparency of leading national and regional media outlets by surfacing the policies, practices, and people behind the news. The Tracker encourages media outlets to be accountable to the public and empowers the public to make informed choices about the news they watch, listen to, and read.

First Draft News: Newsgathering and Monitoring on the Social Web

Deepfakes Primer and Forecast
Download the .PDF from Strat Com.

Teaching Students to Earn Trust
Resources from Joy Mayer with TrustingNews.org.

FakerFact.org
Chrome browser extension that serves as an AI fact-check tool.

Stalk Scan
Scan Facebook profiles to see where people are posting.

WCSJ: Fact-Checking in the Age of Misinformation (2017)

Sourceful: Crap Detection Resources
Listing of fact-checking tools.


For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.


TedEd: How to Spot a Misleading Graphic

Keyhole Social Media Account Analytics
Use account tracking data to measure and grow your social media accounts and spy on competitors. Social Media Account Analytics for Instagram, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.

Brookings: What are Readers Likely to Believe in a Fact-Check

Nieman Lab: Hyperpartisan Sites Posing as Local News Sites
Use this map to see if some are located near you.

FindClone
Reverse image/facial recognition.

ICFJ: Nine Tools for Verifying Images

FFmpeg
A complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video.

GIJN: Three Quick Ways to Verify Images on a Smartphone

Before and After the Vote: A Journalism Resource Database
From Free Press, this database database features more than 100 resources that address ways to: Cover white supremacy and white-supremacist violence; report on police, protests, uprisings and demonstrations, detect and combat misinformation and disinformation; produce coverage that upholds election integrity; protect journalists’ physical safety and secure digital communications.

AfricaCheck: How to Spot Fakes and Hoaxes Online

NY Times: Satellite Images and Shadow Analysis: How The Times Verifies Eyewitness Videos

VerExif
Pictures taken by digital cameras can contain a lot of information, like data, time and camera used. But last generation cameras and phones can add the GPS coordinates of the place where it was taken, making it a privacy hazard. You can be showing your home’s location to the world. Using this tool you can view and remove exif data online of your pictures without downloading any program.

Tips on Investigating Disinformation Networks from BuzzFeed’s Craig Silverman
From his session at the Global Investigative Journalism Conference.

Freedom Forum: Quick Guide to Spotting Fake News

GeoSearchTool
Type in an address or location with a time frame and find videos uploaded from that area. Great for fact-checking locations and crowdsourcing.

Washington Post: Fact-Checkers Guide to Manipulated Video

WatchFramebyFrame.com
Can be used to play YouTube and Vimeo videos frame by frame, to see any inconsistencies in content.

Trusting News: How to Build Trust with your TV Audience

First Draft News: Guides to Verify Photos and Videos

GIJN: How to Spot Deep Fake Videos

ICFJ: A Short Guide to the History of “Fake News” and Disinformation

Global Investigative Journalism Network: Fact-Checking and Verification

Bellingcats Digital Forensics Tools
Open source verification and investigative tools.

TrustingNews.org
Updated in spring 2019, the site includes a searchable database shares the best examples of what has worked for media outlets to earn trust from readers. It’s organized around the problems we know you’re facing and allows you to filter around these themes and drill down to get even more specific help.

Journalism.co.uk: Prepare Yourself for the Next Viral Hoax
Check out this advice to make sure you are prepared for the next viral hoax.

Real News: Strategies for Fact-Checking and Verification
A project from the University of Kansas and the University for Humanities, Ekaterninburg, Russia, on fact-checking tools, resources and best practices. Some great tips in there.

Harvard: Four Tips for Spotting a Fake News Story

First Draft News: Understanding Information Disorder

How to Monitor Social Media for Misinformation

Global Investigative Journalism Network: Advanced Guide to Verifying Video Content

Amnesty International: YouTube DataViewer
Get a video’s thumbnails and do a reverse image search on them in one click.

American Press Institute Fact-Checking Resources

Hoaxy
Visualize the spread of claims and fact checking.

ViewDNS.info
A reverse lookup of WhoIs.net. You can locate a site by registrant.

Washington Post: Fact-Checker’s Guide

API: Nine Tips for Covering Election Misinformation


For more training videos, visit our YouTube page.


Washington Post: Fact-Checker Tool

Media Cloud
Create an instant analysis of how digital news media covers your topic of interest. You can see attention to the issue, the language used, and the people and places mentioned. Great for fact-checking claims about what the media is/is not covering. Doesn’t cover social media post but mentions in website posts.

Claimbuster
Fact-checking algorithm from Duke University that monitors CNN transcripts for claims that are fact-checkable. Read this paper on how it works.

Newsworthy
Via CJR: Developed at Journalism++ in Sweden, this system monitors open government data and identifies statistically interesting leads based on anomalies, outliers, and trends in numerical data streams such as real estate prices, weather patterns, and crime reports, among others.

10 Best Fact-Checking Tools

USC: FlackCheck.org

InVid Video Verification Plug-in
Browser plug-in that assists in debunking fake videos.

Duke Reporter’s Lab: Fact-Checking Sites/Efforts

The Trust Project: Transparency Tools for Journalists

Tools for Trust
Lists of tools for building trust with your audience from WeAreHearken’s Jennifer Brandel, Mark Little, Aron Pilhofer and more.


These videos were created by the SPJ Education Committee. Here’s a playlist of all of its training videos.


InVid
Chrome and Firefox plug-in that verifies photos and video.

Who Tweeted It First
Enter search keywords, or even a link, and we’ll find the first tweet that contains that term. Use search operators or put everything in “double quotes” for an exact match.

Checkology
Classroom resources for news literacy and fact-checking from The News Literacy Project.

National Association for Media Literacy Education
Resources galore. Follow on Twitter at @medialiteracyed.

First Draft News Journalist Guides
Guides to social sources, copyright law and covering trauma.

Verification Junkie
This tool from Josh Stearns centralizes several social media verification tools in one place. Great for reporting and fact-checking on deadline.

FirstDraftNews: The 5 sources of fake news everyone needs to look out for online

Indiana University: Tips and Resources for Fact-Checking and Detecting Fake News

Hoaxy
Track where and how fake news is spreading over social channels. Built by Indiana University.

A Field Guide to Fake News
Produced by First Draft News and the Public Data Lab.

CUNY: Fact-Checking, Verification and Fake News Guide

Duke Reporter’s Lab Fact-Checking Tools

The Trust Project: Transparency Tools for Journalists

Checkology
Classroom resources for news literacy and fact-checking from The News Literacy Project.

National Association for Media Literacy Education
Resources galore. Follow on Twitter at @medialiteracyed.

First Draft News Journalist Guides
Guides to social sources, copyright law and covering trauma.

Check
Created by Meedan, this tool helps you verify breaking news.

Public List of Fake News Sites

GIJN: Advanced Guide on Verifying Video Content

FotoForensics
Put in an image URL or drag a photo into this free tool to see how much editing has been done to it. Great for fact-checking fake photos.

Jeffrey’s Exif Viewers
Review a photo’s metadata. Helps with verification.

Google Images: Reverse Image Search
Fact-check photos and see when they were first posted.

Video: How to Use Google Reverse Image Search

Tineye
Similar to Google Image search. Fact-check photos.

Foller.me
Social backgrounding tool helpful for fact-checking. Gives you rich insights into any public twitter profile. Data about topics, mentions, hashtags, followers, location and more.

Pipl.com
Find info on the person behind the email address, social username or phone number. Great for verifying account legitimacy.

PeekYou.com
Free people search tool.

Spokeo.com
Search people by name, phone, address and social media account.

Who.is
Type in a domain name, IP address or person’s name to find site information or who owns/registered what online.

Graph.tips for Facebook
Track down a Facebook ID and search for information/posts by that person in FB.

IntelTechniques Search Tools
Works similar to Graph.tips. Searches Facebook and other social media for peoples’ accounts.

NetBootcamp
Facebook graph search among many others.

WikiMapia
Use for fact-checking locations of photos and videos shared on social media.

First Draft News Fact-Checking Resources

5 Tools for Verifying YouTube Video

Indiana University: Tips and Resources for Fact-Checking and Detecting Fake News

FirstDraftNews: Understanding the Fake News Ecosystem

Graphic: Critical-Thinking Cheat Sheet

Hoax-Slayer
Watchdog site for hoaxes, scams and urban legends.

Hoaxy
Track where and how fake news is spreading over social channels. Built by Indiana University.

Public List of Fake News Sites

Warrior Eli Hoax Group
This blog by Taryn Harper Wright investigates hoax websites, blogs and Facebook pages, many involving fake children’s charities.

Truth or Fiction?
This site takes “rumor mill” e-mails we all receive and determines if they are true or false. There is a good list of Attack on America information.

Charity Navigator: Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

How Can Newsrooms Verify Video from Eyewitnesses?
Great set of resources from First Draft News.

HoaxBusters.org
Check this site to verify virus hoaxes, chain e-mails and urban myths.

Duke Reporter’s Lab Fact-Checking Tools

Duke Reporters Lab: Fact-Checking Efforts Around the World (map)

Purportal: Urban Legends Portal
Great search functions and fact-checking resources. This site can quickly assist you in sorting the myths from the half-truths and the actual facts. The site consists of database search engines to check keywords from e-mails you have received, the latest headlines on hoaxes, special reports on 9-11 misinformation, and links to official and commercial sites on fraud, hoaxes and scams

BreaktheChain.org
A site dedicated to online-myth-busting. Search for fake e-chain letters.

The Red Tape Chronicles
Blogger Bob Sullivan looks at Internet scams and consumer fraud. Very easy to navigate and find what you’re looking for.

Purportal’s 9/11 Hoaxes
Bad quotes, media mistakes, scams and more.

StrangeFacts.com
A cool resource for offbeat stats and facts.

First Draft News
Guide to navigating eyewitness media, from discovery to verification.

Museum of Hoaxes
Don’t be fooled by urban legends. If it sounds too good to be true, it is.

Verification Junkie
This tool from Josh Stearns centralizes several social media verification tools in one place. Great for reporting and fact-checking on deadline.

The Ultimate Guide: How to Spot Phone Scams

DeadorAliveInfo.com
A handy quick-reference, fact-checking site for copy editors. Find out if a celebrity is dead or alive.

ConsumerWebWatch.org
It’s mission is to “investigate, inform and improve the credibility of information published on the World Wide Web.”

UrbanLegends.About.com

SmokingGun.com: Accidental Obits
A listing of mistaken obits on public figures.

Pantheon: Encyclopedia of Myths

Who’s Dead and Who’s Alive
A celebrity you may have thought was dead isn’t. See Abe Vigoda.

Vmyths
Separate truths from tall tales.

VeriSeal.org
How to check to make sure someone claiming to be a Navy Seal really is one.

MIA Facts: Phony POWS
How to check to make sure someone claiming to have a family member MIA is telling the truth.

Criggo: Newspaper Mistakes

Top 100 April Fool’s Day Hoaxes of All Time

Greenpeace: Stop Greenwashing
Greenwashing describe the act of misleading consumers regarding the environmental practices of a company or the environmental benefits of a product or service. This Greenpeace site is a great resource to find more case studies of companies’ greenwashing as well as other criteria and how to suggestions for businesses to go green ethically.

Argus Clearinghouse: Web Site Evaluations
This University of Michigan site rates Web sites on a scale of 1-5. Helps evaluate a site?s credibility. Note: The site is no longer actively maintained, but its archives are still useful.

HotBot: 10 Most Requested List
Ranks sites based on how often they?re visited.

SlipUps.com
Mistakes in movies, books, quotes, TV shows, etc.

CataLaw: Site Credibility
Check a site?s credibility using tools on this page.

Federal Trade Commission: Job Scams

Example of a Bogus Site: HollywoodPulse.com
A great example of a made-up Hollywood news site that Fox News Channel took for a professional site, interviewing a member of the satirical site for a serious news story. Remember: If your mother says she loves you, check it out! Just because it looks professional, doesn’t mean it is professional.

Fortune 500 Business Blog Wiki
Links to hundreds of corporate blogs. Some are generated by the companies, some are written anonymously by current/former employees. Some are consumer watchdog sites that focus on specific industries. Be sure to fact-check and confirm any information you find on these blogs.

Information Week: Seven Fantastic Internet Hoaxes

MSN: 10 Biggest Internet Hoaxes of All Time
List from PC World.

MyDeathSpace.com
Web site that links to the MySpace pages of the dead.


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